Ahh…the many wonders of pen and ink drawings. Convenient, portable, inexpensive, and fun. This is my type of art-making. Grab a pen and a piece of paper and you’re on your way to making da Vinci-quality ink drawings! But before you can do that, you will first need to learn these 5 simple ink drawing techniques:
- and Stippling
· fountain pens
· graphic pens
· drafting pens
· split-nib pens
· bamboo reed pens
· and ball point pens
(Try out different types of pens because they offer different variances in thickness, fluidity, etc.)
You can also use many different types of paper for ink drawing, as long as it has a neutral pH. (You may not want your paper to yellow over time.) papers to use can include:
· drawing paper
· watercolor paper
· printmaking paper
· handmade paper
· colored paper
· metallic paper
· Japanese paper
· Any kind of paper!
Also keep in hand:
· a pencil (for initial sketches)
· an eraser (kneaded rubber works best)
· a ruler
· archival spray (to preserve your finished work)
The 5 techniques for pen and ink drawings are important because they provide the best ways to achieve value from ink. Unlike a pencil, ink cannot be applied with more pressure to get a darker value.
· This is the most basic technique in creating value in ink drawings. Hatching involves linear strokes of parallel lines that give the illusion of value from a short distance. The closer the lines are to each other, the darker the value appears. The more white space that is in-between the lines, the lighter the value appears.
· This technique builds upon regular hatching by introducing criss-crossing lines. Start with vertical hatches. Then add a layer of horizontal hatches directly over the first layer. Continue by adding a layer of hatches at a 45° angle, and so on.
· The next step in pen and ink value techniques is called contour-hatching. Contour-hatching follows the contour of the object on the paper. This is a useful technique in figure drawing. Creating curving lines helps denote curves across the body. Following the contours of the body can make objects appear more three-dimensional.
Scumbling and Random Hatching
· The scumbling method involves tiny, squiggly marks that resemble the texture of a brillo pad. This technique is a looser way to build up texture and value. Try being as random as possible it your small scribbles; it will add more visual interest without detracting from the believable value gradation.
· Random hatching is a less-methodical approach to regular hatching. This technique uses varying lengths, widths, amounts, and directions of hatching.
· Stippling uses multiple dots in order to create value. Closer dots create darker value, since les white paper shows through. Dots that are farther apart create lighter value, since the white paper more strongly overpowers the ink. The effects can be interesting, but definitely time-consuming.
All the techniques side-by-side: